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Q. What is a citation?

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A citation is a way of listing a resource which has been used in a research paper. A citation's style can vary depending on which paper formatting style you are instructed to use. For basic elements of a citation, see the image below, and for more information on citation styles, please see our Citing Sources & Style Manuals Research Guide. Additionally, to look up a resource from its citation, use our Citation Linker.

diagram dissecting a citation. The author or authors comes first, followed by the date, then the article title, then the journal title, then the volume, issue and pages.

Image adapted from Ithaca College Library

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